Question Formulation Technique (QFT)

Also known as: questioning

QFT is a step-by-step process designed to teach students to develop questioning skills through group ideation, categorisation, prioritisation and discussion. It:

  • enables educators to support students to develop their questioning, metacognitive and interpersonal skills
  • teaches students to develop and ask questions that facilitate their learning and helps them take ownership of their learning
  • promotes student curiosity, ideation and engagement.

Question formulation technique

ICT templates

Learning activity templates

Google templates 

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Microsoft templates

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How to use with ICT

  • Once students are familiar with QFT, challenge them to engage in Think-Pair-Share activities.

External resources

Find out more resources
Title Link Description
The Right Question Institute The Right Question Institute A collection of classroom resources and teacher training for implementing the question formulation technique. There are templates available such as ready to go QFT Google forms.
Wonderopolis - Where the learning never ceases Wonderopolis A student centred website encouraging student questioning and wonder. Students are encouraged to submit questions and review and give feedback on others questions. There are a number of videos for students in Wonders with Charlie.
The right questions by Dan Rothstein and Luz Santana The right questions A more detailed description of the question formulation technique, along with case studies for different classes and subjects.
Sparking joy in the classroom with student-formulated questions Teaching channel The first in a series of seven blogs with real classroom application of the QFT process.
The Question Formulation Technique for summative assessment (video) by the Right Question Institute The question formulation technique for summative assessment A demonstration of the technique being used with an 8th-grade social studies class for summative assessment (video).
My Ah-ha Moments with the question formulation technique by Connie Williams My Ah-ha Moments with the Question Formulation Technique A look at some different ways the technique can be used and how empowering it is for students to have it as a tool to use.
The question formulation technique in Action (video) by the Right Question Institute The question formulation technique in action A quick glimpse of the Question Formulation Technique in action in a 12th-grade humanities class in Boston (video).
Integrating the question formulation technique in PBL by Jennifer Pieratt, PhD Integrating the question formulation technique in PBL An overview of using the technique to launch and sustain a project-based learning approach in primary classes.
Asking effective questions  Asking effective questions An article on provoking student thinking/deepening conceptual understanding in the mathematics classroom.


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When planning to use technology in the classroom it is important to consider the full range of abilities of all learners. High potential and gifted learners may require additional adjustments and deliberate talent development.  These strategies include differentiation, grouping, enrichment and advanced learning pathways so students can be engaged, grow and achieve their personal best.


Assessing and identifying high potential and gifted learners will help teachers decide which students may benefit from extension and additional challenge. Effective strategies and contributors to achievement for high potential and gifted learners helps teachers to identify and target areas for growth and improvement. School leaders can access the Evaluation and Planning Tool to support strategic improvement planning.


Recognising the diversity of high potential and gifted students represented in classrooms across 4 domains of potential can be explored further by accessing illustrations of practice.


For further support and advice about how to tailor learning for high potential and gifted students from all backgrounds, visit the High Potential and Gifted Education web section, High Potential and Gifted Education Policy or attend one of the professional learning courses on offer.