Virtual manipulatives

Virtual manipulatives allow students to engage with concrete materials on digital devices to support their understanding of abstract ideas. They:

  • support educators to differentiate lessons to address student learning needs and different learning styles
  • provide opportunities for students to learn concepts in a developmentally appropriate, hands-on, experiential way
  • enable students to develop problem-solving and reasoning skills, as well as reflect on their learning.


Virtual Manipulation

ICT templates

How to use with ICT

Students can use the digital manipulatives on their own devices or on shared devices.

Single computer

An IWB may be used to demonstrate the use of digital manipulatives when students don't have access to concrete materials.

External resources

Find out more resources
Title Link Description
Deep content knowledge in mathematics - Part 1 Scan- Vol 38 2019 Refer to the section "Hands on learning in mathematics"
Toy theatre Virtual manipulatives A collection of free, web-based mathematics manipulatives including geoboards, number charts, timers and a range of other interactive tools.
Utah State University National library of virtual manipulatives The National Library of Virtual Manipulatives is an project that began in 1999 to develop a library of uniquely interactive, web-based virtual manipulatives or concept tutorials, mostly in the form of Java applets, for mathematics instruction (K-12 emphasis).


Links to third-party websites:

If you use the links provided on this website to access a third party’s website, you acknowledge that the terms of use, including licence terms set out on the third party’s website apply to the use which may be made of the materials on that third party’s website or where permitted by the Copyright Act 1968 (Cth).

The department accepts no responsibility for content on third-party websites.

Personalised learning

Disability, Learning and Support

When planning to use technology in the classroom it is important to consider the diversity of your learners. Universal Design for Learning (UDL) is a framework to guide the design of learning environments that are accessible and effective for all. For UDL guidelines, information and additional materials, visit the CAST website.

Many students require technology as an adjustment to support their access to learning. Adjustments (NESA) are actions taken that enable a student with disability and additional learning needs to access syllabus outcomes and content on the same basis as their peers. Enrol in the Personalised learning with technology online course to help you make more informed decisions regarding technology.


For a range of simple, how-to videos visit the Assistive Technology page on the Disability, Learning and Support website. Resources are organised into four sections; Literacy and Learning, Vision, Hearing, Physical and Motor Skills.


High potential and gifted learning and support

When planning to use technology in the classroom it is important to consider the full range of abilities of all learners. High potential and gifted learners may require additional adjustments and deliberate talent development.  These strategies include differentiation, grouping, enrichment and advanced learning pathways so students can be engaged, grow and achieve their personal best.


Assessing and identifying high potential and gifted learners will help teachers decide which students may benefit from extension and additional challenge. Effective strategies and contributors to achievement for high potential and gifted learners helps teachers to identify and target areas for growth and improvement. School leaders can access the Evaluation and Planning Tool to support strategic improvement planning.


Recognising the diversity of high potential and gifted students represented in classrooms across 4 domains of potential can be explored further by accessing illustrations of practice.


For further support and advice about how to tailor learning for high potential and gifted students from all backgrounds, visit the High Potential and Gifted Education web section, High Potential and Gifted Education Policy or attend one of the professional learning courses on offer.