Think - Pair - Share

Think-Pair-Share supports students to generate more ideas prior to, during or after learning new concepts. It comprises three key steps:

  1. Think - Ask students a focus question based on the learning and provide wait time. The teacher may assist students by providing a metalanguage word bank that is visible. This may guide students' discussion and encourage language that is more technical.
  2. Pair - Students pair up to tell a partner their ideas, focusing on the key question. This allows rehearsal, generates more ideas and encourages student-to-student modelling. Some students may find it less intimidating to answer a question with one peer listening and can practice their answer. 
  3. Share - Students take turns sharing their ideas with the class or they may share their partner's idea. Sharing can be verbal whilst the teacher collates the responses or students may type, draw or record their ideas using a digital template.



  • allows teachers to change a traditionally whole class discussion into a more manageable and personalised activity
  • promotes student engagement as all students are given an opportunity to answer the question
  • can be modified to 'Think-Pair-Square' for groups of four, where after 'Pair', partners 'Square' with another pair to discuss their ideas.

Think Pair Share

ICT templates

How to use with ICT

Think - Pair - Share with your class using collaborative online documents such as Jamboard, Padlet or one of the templates. Alternatively, use a mind-mapping tool like to collect student ideas and share the results later. Students can analyse, critique and classify the ideas individually or together. To encourage students to contribute without critiquing, try using elements of the question formulation technique.


Single computer

Think - Pair - Share with your class, collecting ideas during the 'share' phase on a single projected document. Once finished, share the completed document with students. Students can analyse, critique and classify the ideas individually or together.

External resources

Find out more resources
Title Link Description
AIS NSW - Strategies for student engagement Engagement Strategies - Pair-Share On overview of the Pair/Share strategy to increase student engagement. Site includes a resources with specific examples and the benefits of Pair/Share in teaching and learning.
Victorian Education and Training - Literacy teaching toolkit Classroom talk techniques Brief overview of Think/Pair/Share with examples of questions starters to support the discussion.


Links to third-party websites:

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The department accepts no responsibility for content on third-party websites.

Personalised learning

Disability, Learning and Support

When planning to use technology in the classroom it is important to consider the diversity of your learners. Universal Design for Learning (UDL) is a framework to guide the design of learning environments that are accessible and effective for all. For UDL guidelines, information and additional materials, visit the CAST website.

Many students require technology as an adjustment to support their access to learning. Adjustments (NESA) are actions taken that enable a student with disability and additional learning needs to access syllabus outcomes and content on the same basis as their peers. Enrol in the Personalised learning with technology online course to help you make more informed decisions regarding technology.


For a range of simple, how-to videos visit the Assistive Technology page on the Disability, Learning and Support website. Resources are organised into four sections; Literacy and Learning, Vision, Hearing, Physical and Motor Skills.


High potential and gifted learning and support

When planning to use technology in the classroom it is important to consider the full range of abilities of all learners. High potential and gifted learners may require additional adjustments and deliberate talent development.  These strategies include differentiation, grouping, enrichment and advanced learning pathways so students can be engaged, grow and achieve their personal best.


Assessing and identifying high potential and gifted learners will help teachers decide which students may benefit from extension and additional challenge. Effective strategies and contributors to achievement for high potential and gifted learners helps teachers to identify and target areas for growth and improvement. School leaders can access the Evaluation and Planning Tool to support strategic improvement planning.


Recognising the diversity of high potential and gifted students represented in classrooms across 4 domains of potential can be explored further by accessing illustrations of practice.


For further support and advice about how to tailor learning for high potential and gifted students from all backgrounds, visit the High Potential and Gifted Education web section, High Potential and Gifted Education Policy or attend one of the professional learning courses on offer.