Section 5.2 – Athletics State Carnival Rules – boys and girls
Amended April 2018
Refer to General State Carnival Rules.
(a) Each association is eligible to enter three (3) competitors per event. Additional entries are considered where special circumstances occur refer to 5.2.22.
(b) All competitors must compete in designated association uniform.
5.2.2 Age divisions and events
Age divisions are:
8 years, 9 years, 10 years, 11 years, 12 years, 13 years
Junior: 8 years, 9 years, 10 years
Senior: 11 years, 12 years, 13 years.
A competitor whose significant birthday occurs during the current year is eligible for that age event only. No competitor shall enter both junior and senior events, nor in two age events, including relays.
100 Metres: 8 years, 9 years, 10 years, 11 years, 12 years, 13 years
200 Metres: Junior, 11 years, 12/13 years
800 Metres: Junior, 11 years, 12/13 years
4 x 100 Metres Relays: Junior, Senior, Nigel Bagley, Norman & Elizabeth Austen
High Jump: Junior, 11 years, 12/13 years
Long Jump: Junior, 11 years, 12/13 years
Shot Put: Junior (2 kg), 11 years (2 kg), 12/13 years (3 kg)
Discus: Junior (500gms), 11 years (750gms), 12/13 years (750gms)
Events are conducted in boys divisions and girls divisions.
5.2.3 Athletes in Multi Class events
(a) Track and field events are offered to athletes in Multi Class events in 2 age groups.
Junior: 8 years, 9 years, 10 years
Senior: 11 years, 12 years, 13 years
A competitor whose significant birthday occurs during the current year is eligible for that age event only. No competitor shall enter both junior and senior events.
(b) Entries for athletes in Multi Class events must be submitted on the Multi Class entry form – NSWPSSA Track & Field
(c) Events for athletes in Multi Class events are:
100 Metres: Junior, Senior
200 Metres: Junior,Senior
800 Metres: Junior, Senior
Long Jump: Junior, Senior
Shot Put: Junior, Senior
Discuss: Junior, Senior
Events are conducted in boys divisions and girls divisions
(d) Each athlete in Multi Class events must have current classification documentation (national, provisional or review status) for their disability category. This documentation must be forwarded to their sports coordination officer at least 14 days prior to the commencement of the state championships.
The verification of classifications will be done against the Athletics Australia Classification Masterlist and in conjunction with the Australian Paralympic Committee, Sports Inclusion Australia, Transplant Australia and Deaf Sports Australia.
Athletes who do not have a classification prior to competition and fail to meet this requirement will be ineligible to compete at the NSWPSSA Athletics Championships.
All Intellectual and Hearing classifications should be completed prior to the state championships. Physical Impairment classifications requiring review will be conducted at the state championships (if classifiers available). Should a student’s classification be deemed ineligible at this time, he/she can still participate, but receives no percentages, and will not be eligible for placings, medals, records or team selection.
(e) Classification for Athletes in Multi Class events is done by specific governing bodies. The classification categories and governing bodies are as follows:
|Classification category||Governing body|
|Intellectual||Sport Inclusion Australia|
|Vision||Australian Paralympic Committee|
|Hearing||Deaf Sports Australia|
(f) Placings for athletes in Multi Class events will be determined using the Athletics Australia Multi Disability Standards (MDS). Each athlete's performance will be compared to the MDS for their respective classification to determine a percentage. All results in each Multi Class event will be converted to a percentage and the largest percentage wins, second largest second etc.
5.2.4 Starting and lane draw
(a) Lane draw: In the first round the lane draw order shall be drawn by lot. For the semi-final and final round, competitors shall be ranked in accordance with their positions and times in the previous round. (See IAAF Rule 166.4). Competitors must occupy the arranged positions regardless of any withdrawals.
(b) Method: The method of starting for 100m, 200m and relays shall be "On your marks – set – gun". For the 800m the method shall be "On your marks – gun".
(c) Starting blocks may be used, at the discretion of the athlete, in all laned track events, except where this contravenes any rule(s) made by the venue management on the use of starting blocks. Only starting blocks supplied by the Sydney Athletic Centre are permitted to be used. Competitors may use a crouch start (with or without blocks) or a standing start. No other starting positions are permitted. Athletes wearing spiked shoes for a crouch start MUST use blocks, refer to 5.2.11(c).
(d) 800 metres: The start for the heats and finals of the 800 metres will be in lanes with the heats having up to two (2) competitors per lane.
(e) False starts: Any athlete making a false start shall be warned. Any athlete(s) making further false starts in the race shall be disqualified from the race. If the disqualification is in the heat, the athlete will be advised of their disqualification but allowed to complete the race.
(a) At the completion of each race competitors must return to the finish line.
(b) Photo-finish and electronic timing will determine all placings and times.
(c) Should photo-finish equipment malfunction then placegetters shall receive from the chief judge tokens denoting place gained. These must then be taken to the track recorder.
Semi-finalists and finalists for track events will be determined in the following manner (this may be altered at the discretion of the championship director should the circumstances arise):
(a) 100 metres: Heats to semi-finals 1st, 2nd, 3rd from each of the heats plus the next fastest times to complete the field of twenty (20). Semi-finals to finals 1st, 2nd and 3rd from each semi-final plus the next fastest times to complete the field of ten (10). It is intended that there will be ten (10) in the final unless there has been an upheld protest in the semi-finals or there has been a tie for the 10th fastest.
(b) 200 metres and relays: Heats to semi-finals 1st, 2nd and 3rd place from each of the heats plus the next fastest times to complete the field of eighteen (18). Semi-finals to finals 1st, 2nd and 3rd from each semi-final plus the next fastest times to complete the field of nine (9).
(c) 800 metres: Heats to finals 1st place from each heat plus the next fastest times to complete the field of nine (9).
(d) Where semi-finals and/or finals have to be abandoned, placings will be determined by the times recorded in the previous round.
5.2.7 Officials on duty
Only the officials on duty at the time of the event and competitors shall be allowed on the enclosure. At the conclusion of the event competitors must leave.
Note: Parents, coaches and unauthorised persons are not allowed on the field of play. Once competitors are in the hands of the officials controlling the event, they shall not receive any coaching or advice.
Penalty: Disqualification of the competitor involved.
Rules to be observed shall be in accordance with the IAAF Handbook except where stated otherwise. The referee shall be the sole arbiter in points under dispute.
As per IAAF Rule 146 (1), (2), (3), (5), (6) with the following variations:
(1) Protests concerning the status of an athlete to participate in a competition must be made, prior to the commencement of such competition, to the championship management. Once the championship management make a decision, there shall be a right of appeal to the Jury of Appeal.
(3) Any protest shall, in the first instance, be made orally to the referee by athlete concerned or the team manager (who shall be a teacher), within fifteen (15) minutes of the completion of the event.
(5) The relevant team manager, who must be a teacher, may make a written appeal to the jury if dissatisfied with the referee's decision. The appeal may only be submitted on the supplied protest form and must be submitted within fifteen (15) minutes of the announcement of the referee's decision.
The Jury of Appeal shall be appointed by the championship director at the Technical Meeting.
(a) The following events will be held Junior Boys, Junior Girls, Senior Boys, Senior Girls, Nigel Bagley Trophy, Norm and Elizabeth Austen Trophy.
(b) Team eligibility
(i) In each relay event each school may enter one team.
(ii) A boys team must consist of 4 boys from one school.
(iii) A girls team must consist of 4 girls from one school.
(iv) An Association may nominate a composite team in the BOYS and/or GIRLS relays. A composite team may be entered from a Zone providing the total enrolment of the schools involved does not exceed 250 (K-6) students.
(v) The Nigel Bagley Trophy: The Nigel Bagley Relay must include students from schools with a total enrolment of more than 25 students but not exceeding 54 students. The combination of boys and girls in each team is to be decided upon by the individual school. All students in the team must be enrolled at the same school. The classification of the enrolment will be determined by the February staff return.
(vi) The Norm & Elizabeth Austen Trophy: The Norm & Elizabeth Austen Relay must include students from schools with a total school enrolment not exceeding 25. The combination of boys and girls in each team is to decided upon by the individual school. All students in the team must be enrolled at the same school. The classification of the enrolment will be determined by the February staff return.
Note: The following is a summary of part of IAAF relay rules and athletes should be aware of the complete rules. Relay batons will be provided.
(i) Relays shall be run on a circular track (4 x 100 metres).
(ii) A team shall consist of 4 runners and a baton shall be carried in hand.
(iii) The baton shall be passed within the takeover zone. The takeover zone shall be 30 metres long. Receiving athletes must start within this zone and have full control of the baton when leaving the zone.
(iv) All runners must remain in their allotted lane until all teams are clear of the takeover zone.
(v) If the baton is dropped it shall be recovered by the athlete who dropped it. If it drops out of the team's lane the athlete may leave the lane provided they don't lessen the distance covered and no other athlete is impeded.
(vi) Check-marks. An athlete may place one check-mark (to assist the baton change over) on the track within his/her own lane, inside or outside the takeover zone. Athletes may use adhesive tape, maximum 5cm x 40cm, of a distinctive colour which cannot be confused with other permanent markings. No other check marks may be used.
5.2.11 Equipment and footwear
(a) Competitors must use the equipment provided by the association or the Sydney Athletic Centre.
(b) All competitors must wear footwear. Spiked shoes are permitted in 100m, 200m, Long Jump and High Jump events.
(c) Athletes wearing spiked shoes during a crouch start MUST use starting blocks. Athletes in spikes may alternatively use a standing start.
(d) When spiked shoes are worn the maximum length for all track events and Long Jump is 7mm. For High Jump it is 9mm.
5.2.12 Field events
(a) In all field events, except the High Jump, each athlete shall be allowed three trials and the eight athletes with the best valid performances shall be allowed three additional trials.
(b) Competitors shall use the equipment supplied by the association, refer 5.2.11.
(c) In the event of a tie in a field event, except for high jump, the second best performance of the athletes tying shall resolve the tie. Then if necessary, the third best, and so on.
(d) In all field events, except high jump, each athlete shall be allowed thirty (30) seconds to complete his/her attempt once called up by the official responsible for the event.
5.2.13 High jump
(a) Competitors may have three (3) attempts in rotation at each height. Three (3) consecutive failures regardless of the height at which any of such failures occur, will disqualify the athlete from further jumping except in the case of a tie for first place.
(b) The period allowed for a trial shall be: more than 3 competitors – 30 seconds, 2 or 3 – competitors 1.5 minutes, 1 competitor – 3 minutes. Consecutive trials – 2 minutes.
(c) If an athlete returns from another event re-entry shall be at the existing bar height.
(d) In the event of a tie the best record on count back, in accordance with IAAF rule 181.8, shall decide the place winners.
(e) Starting heights for High Jump shall be:
Junior Boys 1.20m Junior Girls 1.10m
11 Years Boys 1.25m 11years Girls 1.15m
12/13 years Boys 1.30m 12/13 year Girls 1.20m
(f) Bar rises shall be 5cm until a maximum of six (6) competitors remain then 3cm. If the field comprises of less than eight (8) competitors the increments are at the discretion of the chief judge in consultation with the field referee. After an athlete has won the competition, the height or heights to which the bar is raised shall be decided by the athlete, in conjunction with the chief judge or field referee.
5.2.14 Qualifying distances/heights/times
These will be determined by the convener each year.
5.2.15 St George Shield - most outstanding association
The following criteria will be used to determine the most outstanding association at the NSWPSSA Athletics Championships. These points apply to both able bodied and athletes in Multi Class events and will contribute to the overall point score for each association.
100 metre, 200 metre, 800 metre, and field events:
1st place – 12 points
2nd place – 10 points
3rd place – 8 points
4th place – 6 points
5th place – 4 points
6th place – 2 points
1st place – 24 points
2nd place – 20 points
3rd place – 16 points
4th place – 12 points
5th place – 8 points
6th place – 4 points
5.2.16 Queen Elizabeth II Trophy – most outstanding athlete
The following criteria will be used to determine the most outstanding athlete at the Annual NSWPSSA Athletics Championships. Points will be allocated to competitors who finish 1st, 2nd, and 3rd in their respective finals events. That the points awarded will be:
1st Place – 12 Points
2nd Place – 10 Points
3rd Place- 8 Points
Plus an additional 10 points for having set a new record or an additional 5 points for equalling a record by the completion of the event. The establishing of a new record or equalling of a record to earn points may occur in heats, semi-finals and finals.
5.2.17 Most outstanding athlete in Multi Class Events
The following criteria will be used to determine the most outstanding athlete in Multi Class Events at the NSWPSSA Athletics Championships. Points will be allocated to competitors who finish 1st, 2nd, and 3rd in their respective finals events. The points awarded will be:
1st Place – 12 Points
2nd Place – 10 Points
3rd Place – 8 Points
5.2.18 The Colgate Cup
The Colgate Cup (or its equivalent) will be awarded to the school that achieves the most points at the NSWPSSA Athletics Carnival.
5.2.19 Discus – safety issues
For discus activities the following safety strategies must be employed
(a) All discuses, must be of a rubber compound not wooden/metal.
(b) Ensure discuses being returned to the throwing area are carried.
(c) For group instruction in the standing throw ensure:
Throwers are at least 5 metres apart.
Left handed throwers are placed on the left side of the group.
(d) For group instruction in the turning throw:
Ensure the turn is practised with modified equipment or without a discus
Where discus is to be thrown using the turn, ensure only one individual throws at the time
Where throwing takes place, ensure other students are behind protective cages/barriers, well clear of the wire
Where no protective cage/barrier is available, ensure other students are at least 20 metres behind and to the non-throwing side.
Protective cages or improvised barriers are recommended when using the turn (eg. fence, cricket nets, hockey nets).
5.2.20 Selection of state teams
The state team selection committee will consist of three officials as appointed by the NSW athletics convener and NSWPSSA executive. With the exception of years when the Pacific School Games are to be contested, where specific selection criteria apply, the following procedures for representation at the School Sport Australia Championship shall apply.
(a) All children selected to represent the NSWPSSA at the School Sport Australia Championships must be turning ten (10), eleven (11), or twelve (12) in the year of competition.
(b) The first four placegetters in the able bodied Age 100 metres and first three placegetters in all other events will be considered for selection into the NSWPSSA representative team according to the selection standards set by the NSWPSSA.
The selection standards for able bodied athletes are based on School Sport Australia records as of 1st January 2012 and will be 80% for all track events, 75% for all jumps events and 65% for all throws events.
Athletes in Multi Class events that comply with selection criteria outlined in the School Sport Australia Multi Class Selection Guides, for the year of competition, will be considered by the selection committee for positions in the team.
In the case of a dead heat for the third place, the championship director shall determine selection for the third position using the following criteria:
(i) Field: the tie will be resolved at the event.
(ii) Track: Heat and semi-final times will first be considered. If the tie is still not resolved the position will be resolved by the toss of a coin.
(c) All additional selections including the combined event will be determined by the state representative selection committee, taking into account performances from regional, zone/district, school carnivals and the NSWPSSA Championships in the year of competition only.
(d) Any competitor withdrawing from a Final at the NSWPSSA Championships for a reason other than documented medical reasons will be precluded from selection in that relevant age event at the School Sport Australia Championships in the year.
(e) Subject to the availability of placegetters and time constraints, the selection committee may choose the next most worthy athlete to replace any athlete unable to take his/her place.
(f) Only athletes who have gained selection in the NSWPSSA Track and Field team will be considered for selection in the Combined Event and/or 1500m at the School Sport Australia 12 Years and Under Track and Field Championship in that year.
5.2.21 Management structure
The NSW track and field team selected to compete at the School Sport Australia Championship will be entitled to the following supervision ratios:
A Manager in Charge (MIC) plus 6 team managers will be elected each year as a minimum. The following NSWPSSA Teacher Supervision Ratio to athletes will be limited to Able-bodied 1:25 – Multi Class 1:15. If the NSW team selected exceeds these ratios then positions for additional team managers will be advertised.
In addition to these supervisory limits the NSWPSSA will implement an athletes in Multi Class events selection policy restricted by NSWPSSA percentage standards.
The team management structure and assigned roles will be delegated by the MIC upon appointment of the NSW Track and Field team management at the beginning of each year.
5.2.22 Additional entries/special consideration
NSWPSSA encourages maximum student participation and inclusion in sporting events where ever possible. Athletic events, however, do require stringent qualifying conditions, to ensure entrants are of suitable standard and/or to limit the number of competitors to ensure competition can be completed within the given time constraints.
To be eligible to compete at the NSWPSSA Athletics Championships, students must have qualified for their association's team by competing at their respective athletics competition and finishing in either first, second or third position overall in a specific event.
Special consideration may be granted for additional entries in the year of competition by the convener and executive committee using the appropriate form, no later than ten working days prior to the championships.
A special consideration application may be submitted on behalf of a student who was unable to compete at their association's competition due to competing at a higher level NSWPSSA sanctioned event which was held on the same date. Associations must provide a student's zone results and compare these to their final association results. If comparative, then the application may be submitted for consideration, however if the zone result does not equal or better the association's results, no grounds for submission would be valid.
Special entry will not be permitted for students who tie for third place in field events - long jump, high jump, shot put and/or discus. Associations need to ensure they have stringent measures in place to complete correct and thorough count backs to split decisions.
If count backs cannot split final standings, conveners must hold "jump offs" or include "additional throws" to determine final standings.
Ties in track events should be determined via photo finish and if these are inconclusive, heat times for tied students should be used to determine final standings.
Other extreme circumstances may arise periodically and cause associations to request special entry considerations. Each application will be considered separately by the convener and executive committee.